Tennis is an intensive and complex sport that requires full coordination of the body and perfect hand–eye coordination. This activity requires endurance, flexibility, and a properly exercised and trained body that can handle all the running, changing of positions, swinging, and hitting of the ball, which are all included in the sport.

However, despite all the trainings and exercise, tennis players are not 100% safe from injuries. From time to time, they may suffer from injuries while playing. The most common injuries resulting from playing tennis include the following:

Tennis players suffer from rotator cuff tendinitis when they excessively use overhand serving, that is, they may be holding their arm at a 90-degree angle from the side while serving. To avoid such injury, tennis players are advised to increase the angle between their serving arm and the side of their body. Rotator cuff tendinitis can be treated by icing, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and rest. Those who suffer from recurring rotator cuff tendinitis should seek the help of a professional coach to guide them in their playing technique.

Wrist strain is a possible consequence of a ‘laid-back’ grip position. This movement entails an upward palm rotation and rapid turning of the wrist while hitting the ball to achieve a topspin. To avoid suffering from wrist strain, tennis players are advised to use the ‘hand-shake’ grip, which involves making an ‘L’ position with the forearm. Treatment for wrist strain includes icing, the use of anti-inflammatory medicines, and rest. In some cases, professional coaching may be required to prevent incurring such injury.


Back pain may result from excessive arching or postures when doing powerful service strokes. The excessive movement of the back causes stress on the small joints and soft tissues of the spine. The chances of suffering from back pain can be lessened by undergoing a strengthening program for the abdominal and back muscles.

Tennis players may also suffer from anterior knee pain, which results from softening of the cartilage in the patella or tendinitis. This injury is most notably observed in high-ranking players. There are also indications that this injury may be related to the ‘spring-up’ action of the knees during serving. RICE would normally suffice for this injury though a short-arc knee-strengthening program is recommended for the innermost quadriceps muscles.

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