Tennis involves various movements and running while trying to hit the ball toward the other side of the net. Whether played for fun or professionally, tennis involves skills and knowledge of the different kinds of shots and strokes. Examples of such movements include the following:

Groundstrokes are hit as forehand or backhand and involves hitting the ball not too far from the baseline. A forehand groundstroke is made with the dominant hand and arm, whereas the backhand stroke involves using one or both hands to hit the ball with back of the dominant hand facing forward. Forehand or backhand hits can be done with a topspin, which involves brushing up and over the top of the tennis ball to make it spin. Meanwhile, a flat forehand or backhand lacks the topspin when hitting the ball. Opposite the topspin shots, slice forehand and backhand strokes generates a backspin on the ball by brushing underneath it.

Volleys are made when a player hits the ball before it lands or bounces off the ground while at the net or heading towards it. Volley shots can be hit by both forehand and backhand movements. Meanwhile, a half valley, which is hit by forehand or backhand, is made when the player cannot immediately hit a ball before it lands on the ground. Instead, the player hits the ball right away after it bounces.

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A serve is what starts every game and every point. This shot is made from the deuce court, that is, the player stands to the right side of the center mark, or the ad court, where the player stands to the left side of the center mark. With a continental grip, the players can perform various serves, including the flat, kick, and slice types.

When a player serves, the job of the opponent is to return the ball. A return hit can be done by forehand or backhand shots. To properly return the ball, a player must be able to anticipate the kind of serve that his opponent would be using.


Specialty shots include the shots made a by a player when any of the priorly described shots cannot be achieved or are hard to perform. For example, the approach shot involves hitting the ball while moving towards the net. Meanwhile, passing shot involves hitting the ball while the opponent is at the net. On the other hand, lob can be done when a player is over closing an opponent. In this shot, a forehand or backhand movement is used to hit the ball over the top of opponent’s head. Lob can be used to distract the opponent and gain some time to return to one’s original position in court.

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